25 Nov Official Laws of Cricket
The laws of cricket are a code that sets the rules of cricket worldwide. The first known code was written in 1744 and has been in possession since 1788 and is maintained by its administrator, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. There are currently 42 laws (always written with a capital “L”) that describe all aspects of the game. MCC has recoded the laws six times, with the seventh and most recent code being published in October 2017. The 2nd edition of the 2017 Code came into force on April 1, 2019.  The first six pre-2017 codes have all been provisionally revised and therefore exist in more than one version. Marylebone Cricket Club presents the official Laws of Cricket app. This application includes: – The complete laws of the game of cricket.- Detailed guides and examples.- Animated video tutorials for 15 of the common law applications, presented by Stephen Fry.- Videos of all the referee signals.- The laws of the cricket quiz, with three levels of difficulty. MCC`s official Laws of Cricket app for iPhone and iPad makes the laws accessible to everyone, with information that can be easily shared via social media. Whether you are a player, fan, official or simply interested in learning more about the game of cricket, this app has it all. The 42 laws are presented in an easy-to-understand manner, and 15 of them are highlighted through animations presented by cricket enthusiast Stephen Fry. Videos of the referee`s signals complete the picture to understand what is happening on the field. The Laws of Cricket quiz allows you to test your knowledge – whether you`re a beginner, intermediate or expert – before sharing your score on social media and challenging your friends to fight! Test level cricket jerseys and trousers are usually white.
If you play ODI or Twenty20 cricket, these clothes are usually in the colors of the team. Both garments are designed to make players feel comfortable when they are on the field for long periods of time. The first 12 laws concern players and officials, basic equipment, field specifications and playing times. These Acts are supplemented by Schedules B, C and D (see below). The origins of cricket are disputed, but it probably originated from many games and sports where a ball is hit with a bat or club (see History of cricket). In the eighteenth century, it developed into a gambling game particularly popular with the British aristocracy. The first laws were drafted in this context to regulate a game on which large sums of money were wagered. The first known code of cricket was created by some “nobles and gentlemen” who used the Artillery Ground in London in 1744. In 1755 there is another reference to the laws revised by “several cricket clubs, including the Star and Garter at Pall Mall”, followed by a revision of the laws by “a committee of nobles and lords of Kent, Hampshire, Surrey, Sussex, Middlesex and London in the Star and Garter” in 1774. A printed version of the Acts was published in 1775 and a further revision of the Acts was made in 1786 by a similar body of nobles and lords from Kent, Hampshire, Surrey, Sussex, Middlesex and London. The first four laws concern players, referees and goalscorers.
Law 8: Ticket offices. The wicket consists of three wooden stumps 28 inches (71.12 cm) high. The stumps are placed along the bowling fold with equal distances between the individual stumps. They are positioned so that the wicket is 9 inches (22.86 cm) wide. Two wooden supports are placed on the stumps. Crutches must not protrude more than 1.27 cm (0.5 in.) above the stumps and must be 4.31 inches (10.95 cm) long for male crickets. There are also fixed lengths for the stroke and the cones of the deposit. There are different specifications for ticket offices and bonds for junior cricket.
Referees may waive the deposit if the conditions are not suitable (i.e. there is wind and therefore they could fall on their own). Further details on the specifications of the ATMs can be found in Schedule D of the Acts.  Law 4: The ball. A cricket ball measures between 8.81 and 9 inches (22.4 cm and 22.9 cm) in circumference and weighs between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces (155.9 g and 163 g) in men`s cricket. A slightly smaller and lighter ball is indicated in women`s cricket and slightly smaller and lighter in junior cricket (Law 4.6). Only one bullet is used at a time, unless it is lost when replaced by a bullet with similar wear. It is also replaced at the beginning of each round and can be replaced by a new ball at the request of the field team after a minimum number of overs has been made, as required by the rules under which the game takes place (currently 80 in test matches).  The gradual deterioration of the ball by the sleeves is an important aspect of the game. After dealing with the players, the laws discuss the equipment and specifications of the playing field, with the exception of the specifications concerning the gloves of the wicketkeeper, which are dealt with in Bill 40. These Acts are supplemented by Schedules A and B (see below). There are a number of pieces of equipment needed to play cricket.
Cricket is one of the few sports for which authoritative principles are called “laws” rather than “rules” or “regulations”. For some contests, however, rules may be agreed to supplement and/or amend laws. Act 25: Batsmans Innings; A batter who can no longer walk may have a runner finish runs while the batsman continues to hit. (The use of runners is not allowed in international cricket under current playing conditions.) Alternatively, a drummer may retire injured or ill and return later to continue his innings while he recovers.  On Friday, February 25, 1774, the laws were revised by a committee meeting at the Star and Garter. Chaired by Sir William Draper, members included prominent cricket promoters such as the 3rd Duke of Dorset, the 4th Earl of Tankerville, Charles Powlett, Philip Dehany and Sir Horatio Mann. The clubs and counties represented were Kent, Hampshire, Surrey, Sussex, Middlesex and London.  Test matches, One-Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals, are the three formats of cricket matches sanctioned by the International Cricket Council (ICC).
The most traditional format is Test cricket, where matches are played over two legs and last five days. One-Day Internationals (ODI) are one-day matches played over one leg with 50 overs per side. Twenty20 Internationals is the newest and shortest format; Each team throws only 20 overs, and the games last about three hours. Law 22: Wide ball. A referee calls a ball “wide” if, in his opinion, the ball is so far from the batsman and wicket that he could not hit it with the bat during a normal cricket shot. A wide adds a run to the team`s batting score, in addition to all other runs scored by it, and the batsman cannot be pulled by a wide except while running or tripping, hitting his wicket, or obstructing the field.  In Test cricket, to win the match, a team must have more runs than the opponent and have scored all 20 available wickets. Otherwise, the game may end in a draw. The MCC is a private club that was once the official governing body of cricket, a role now fulfilled by the International Cricket Council (ICC). MCC retains copyright on laws and only MCC can amend laws, although this is usually only done after close consultation with the ICC and other interested parties such as the Association of Cricket Umpires and Scorers. Cricket is one of the few sports in which the dominant principles are called “laws” rather than “rules” or “regulations”.
In some cases, however, arrangements may be made to supplement and/or amend the laws governing certain competitions. Those that apply to international matches (referred to as the “Terms of Play”) can be found on the ICC website.  In cricket, no set number of runs is required to win. ODI and Twenty20 also do not require a set number of counters. The bale consists of strips of cork and a tightly wound string. It must weigh between 5.5 and 5.75 ounces for men`s cricket and weighs a little less for the women`s game. Balls made in different countries usually have slightly different characteristics in terms of rebound and swing. Law 24: absence of outfield players; Replacement. In cricket, a substitute may be replaced by an injured outfielder. However, a substitute cannot hit, bowl or act as captain.